Monday, December 07, 2009
Steve Chapman runs the cost-benefit for us:
The task force's rationale was that the benefits of routine breast cancer screening to women in that age group are insufficient to justify the harms it causes them. Yes, it can be expected to save one life for every 1,904 women age 40 to 49 who get mammographies, but it also yields false positives, which require additional procedures.In the open market, mammograms are about $100. (Source.) So one might ask how to solve the question: If a mammogram saves a life one time in 1,904 procedures, it would be rational for you to spend $100 on one if you valued your life at $190,400. Given that most statistical value of a life calculations are measured in millions (Dept. of Transportation example, article in Regulation) this means that the rational person under the age of 50 will pay for the procedure herself, if someone else does not pay for it. The vote on the Mikulski amendment was only to decide who pays for them, not that they won't get done. Unless somehow we conclude that health reform is going to force mammograms into back alleys, we're only fighting over income distribution here.
Even when the positives are not false, they often lead to unnecessary treatment -- surgery, radiation and chemotherapy -- for tumors that pose little risk. The panel noted that mammograms often serve only to detect "a slower-growing cancer that would have eventually become clinically apparent but would never have caused death."
A note for my conservative friends then: First, there's always rationing. Second, there can be such a thing as too many mammograms, just as there could be too many prostate tests. There may be, in fact, more mammograms now than would happen in the free market, or there may be less. We don't know, we don't live in a free market for mammograms. Where there are free markets, like LASIK, prices seem to come down. Perhaps the price of a mammogram would drop significantly if only we told the government don't pay for them, let us decide for ourselves.
Let's drop the "they're rationing!" bogeyman. When government says it wants to control costs ask "whose costs are those?" If it wants to control its costs say "fine, let us keep our money and let us bear the costs. We might make a better decision than you do anyway."
(h/t for Chapman link: Russ Roberts)